long bone definition

The outside of the bone consists of a layer of connective tissue called the periosteum. A long bone is a bone that has greater length than width. ; Short bones - bones of the wrist, ankle and foot that are cuboidal in shape (e.g., carpals and tarsals). Look it up now! Learn a new word every day. 2) (n) Penis. 1. Beneath the cortical bone layer is a layer of spongy cancellous bone. Long bones grow in length because of special cross-sectional layers of cartilage located near the flared ends of the bone. Long bone anatomy. What Is a Long Bond? The walls of the diaphysis are composed of dense and hard compact bone. The longitudinal growth of long bones is a result of endochondral ossification at the epiphyseal plate. Bone: Bone is the substance that forms the skeleton of the body. Meaning of Long bone. It is highly vascularized and contains red bone marrow. Long bones in human skeleton. os longum. The epiphyseal line is a remnant of an area that contained hyaline cartilage that grew during childhood to lengthen the bone. They grow primarily by elongation of the diaphysis, with an epiphysis at each end of the growing bone. Scientists in this study learned that the millimeters-, Two days into his first training camp, Adams had a broken foot, an injury that required surgery to insert a screw in the, Instead only the most distal ones are homologous to digit bones; the proximal radials are homologous to the wrist bones and the, Swelling outer tissues and internal water pooling around, Deer bones from those layers—especially the metapodials (the, But the film belongs to Chapman and more than anyone, MacKay, a 27-year-old Londoner with the, Howard has scanned items ranging in size from squirrel and rabbit bones to a bison's rib, as well as jaw and, Post the Definition of long bone to Facebook, Share the Definition of long bone on Twitter, We Got You This Article on 'Gift' vs. 'Present'. 3) (n) One dollar. The epiphysis is made of cancellous bone covered by a thin layer of compact bone. Bone definition is - one of the hard parts of the skeleton of a vertebrate. medullary cavity Cylindrical central cavity of the bone containing the bone marrow; this canal encloses lipid-rich yellow bone … bone. Compact Bone Definition. ¹. 1) (v) To have sexual intercourse. Cancellous bone is typically found at the ends of long bones, near joints and in the interior of vertebrae. Bone - Bone - Bone morphology: Grossly, bone tissue is organized into a variety of shapes and configurations adapted to the function of each bone: broad, flat plates, such as the scapula, serve as anchors for large muscle masses, while hollow, thick-walled tubes, such as the femur, the radius, and the ulna, support weight or serve as a lever arm. There is a surgical procedure called distraction osteogenesis which is used to lengthen long bones. Long bone Meaning in Malayalam : Find the definition of Long bone in Malayalam, OneIndia Malayalam Dictionary offers the meaning of Long bone in Malayalam with synonyms, antonyms, adjective and more related words in Malayalam. All of these bones can be classified into five groups based on shape. Compact bone, also known as cortical bone, is a denser material used to create much of the hard structure of the skeleton.As seen in the image below, compact bone forms the cortex, or hard outer shell of most bones in the body.The remainder of the bone is formed by cancellous or spongy bone.. Learn long bone with free interactive flashcards. These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'long bone.' Spongy bone, also known as cancellous bone or trabecular bone, is a very porous type of bone. (anatomy) Any of the relatively slender bones of the upper and lower extremities. Learn more about the anatomy and function of the epiphysis. Accessed 19 Dec. 2020. The ends of a long bone contain spongy bone and an epiphyseal line. Subscribe to America's largest dictionary and get thousands more definitions and advanced search—ad free! Proper usage and audio pronunciation (plus IPA phonetic transcription) of the word long bone. The ends of epiphyses are covered with hyaline cartilage (articular cartilage). They are one of five types of bones: long, short, flat, irregular and sesamoid. Below are the definitions and a few examples of the five bone classifications. The diaphysis is the tubular shaft that runs between the proximal and distal ends of the bone. Long bone definition is - any of the elongated bones supporting a vertebrate limb and consisting of an essentially cylindrical shaft that contains bone marrow and … Late 17th … Spongy bone, also known as cancellous bone or trabecular bone, is a very porous type of bone found in animals. They grow primarily by elongation of the diaphysis, with an epiphysis at each end of the growing bone. A long bone has two parts: the diaphysis and the epiphysis. Origin. See anatomic Table of Bones in the Appendices for regional and alphabetical listings of bones, and see color plates 1 and 2. Spongy bone is usually located at the ends of the long bones (the epiphyses), with the harder compact bone surrounding it. Some bones in the fingers are classified as long bones, even though they are short in length. The ends of epiphyses are covered with hyaline cartilage ("articular cartilage"). For the purposes of this topic, long bones are defined as the humerus, radius, ulna, femur, tibia, and fibula. The longitudinal growth of long bones is a result of endochondral … What does Long bone mean? ¹ Source: wiktionary.com. Epiphysis, expanded end of the long bones in animals, which ossifies separately from the bone shaft but becomes fixed to the shaft when full growth is attained. Switch to new thesaurus. Long bones have a thick outside layer of compact bone and an inner medullary cavity containing bone marrow. At the cessation of growth, the epiphyses fuse to the diaphysis, thus obliterating the intermediate area known as the epiphyseal plate or growth plate. Test Your Knowledge - and learn some interesting things along the way. Build a city of skyscrapers—one synonym at a time. The ends of a long bone contain spongy bone and an epiphyseal line. Inside this is the medullary cavity which has an inner core of bone marrow, it contains nutrients and help in formation of cells, made up of yellow marrow in the adult and red marrow in the child. The other primary skeletal component of height are the vertebrae and skull. bone definition: 1. any of the hard parts inside a human or animal that make up its frame: 2. the bone in meat or…. Information about long bone in the AudioEnglish.org dictionary, synonyms and … "I'm a rock hard trooper to the bone" -- Public Enemy (Louder Than A Bomb) 4) (v) To bone out, as in leaving. A long bone is a category of bone classified mainly with respect to its shape, rather than its size. endosteum - vascular membrane that lines the inner surface of long bones. Long bonds refer to the longest maturity bond offering from the U.S. Treasury. Definition of Long bone. The hollow region in the diaphysis is called the medullary cavity, which is filled with yellow marrow. noun Anatomy Zoology . Delivered to your inbox! Compact bone is formed from a number of osteons, which are … They are one of five types of bones: long, short, flat, irregular and sesamoid.Long bones, especially the femur and tibia, are subjected to most of the load during daily activities and they are crucial for skeletal mobility.They grow primarily by elongation of the diaphysis, with an epiphysis at each end of the growing bone. Long bones - bones of the extremities that have a length greater than the width (e.g., femur). Long bones, especially the femur and tibia, are subjected to most of the load during daily activities and they are crucial for skeletal mobility. Acute fractures usually have a dramatic presentation, whereas stress fractures often present more subtly. next. 'Nip it in the butt' or 'Nip it in the bud'. Definition of long bone in English: long bone. In a disorder known as rachitis fetalis anularis the ends of the long bones (epiphyses) are enlarged. Basis for Comparison: Bones: Cartilages: Definition: A bone is a connective tissue where the living cells, tissues, and other components are enclosed within hard non-living intercellular material. The 206 bones in the body serve several other purposes. bone, os - rigid connective tissue that makes up the skeleton of vertebrates. Information and translations of Long bone in the most comprehensive dictionary definitions resource on the web. The long bones are those that are longer than they are wide. [ bōn] 1. the hard, rigid form of connective tissue constituting most of the skeleton of vertebrates, composed chiefly of calcium salts. It is composed chiefly of calcium phosphate and calcium carbonate.It also serves as a storage area for calcium, playing a large role in calcium balance in the blood. Definition of Long bone in the Definitions.net dictionary. Choose from 500 different sets of long bone flashcards on Quizlet. The outer shell of the long bone is made of cortical bone also known as compact bone. Long bone: elongated bone consisting of a body (diaphysis) and two terminal parts (epiphyses), such as the leg and arm bones (femur, radius, phalanges and others). “Long bone.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/long%20bone. Spongy Bone Definition. Noun. Meaning of long bone. 1. There are many long bones in the human body, but they all share certain characteristics. Long bones are hard, dense bones that provide strength, structure, and mobility. They are one of five types of bones: long, short, flat, irregular and sesamoid. How to use bone in a sentence. [1] Another disorder is known as rachitis fetalis micromelica in which there is a deficiency in the growth (as a shortness) of the bones.[1]. Long bones grow primarily by elongation of the diaphysis (the central shaft), with an epiphysis at each end of the growing bone. Long bones have a thick outside layer of compact bone and an inner medullary cavity containing bone marrow. Please tell us where you read or heard it (including the quote, if possible). Long bone definition, any of the long, cylindrical, marrow-containing bones of the limbs: the long bone of the arm. It is also found inside the vertebrae, in the ribs, in the skull and in the … A long bone has a shaft and 2 ends. Send us feedback. Can you spell these 10 commonly misspelled words? "Your aim is to bone" -- Tribe Called Quest (Classic example of a date rape). He's making a quiz, and checking it twice... Test your knowledge of the words of the year. What does long bone mean? Cancellous bone is highly vascular and often contains red bone marrow where hematopoiesis, the production of blood cells, occurs. Short bone definition at Dictionary.com, a free online dictionary with pronunciation, synonyms and translation. The human skeleton contains 206 bones. Acute fractures in older people often occur with relatively low-energy trauma, whereas in younger patients with previously healthy bone, they usually result from higher-energy trauma. The long bones are those that are longer than they are wide. It can also carry over to the traditional bond markets to … 'All Intensive Purposes' or 'All Intents and Purposes'? Spongy bone is usually located at the ends of the long bones (the epiphyses), with the harder compact bone surrounding it. Stedman's Online Medical Dictionary, 27th Edition, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Long_bone&oldid=980873031, Articles with dead external links from January 2018, Articles with permanently dead external links, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 28 September 2020, at 23:52. Cartilage is a strong, flexible, fibrous tissue that forms rubber-like padding at the ends of long bones that help in the movement of bones. The long bone category includes the femora, tibiae, and fibulae of the legs; the humeri, radii, and ulnae of the arms; metacarpals and metatarsals of the hands and feet, the phalanges of the fingers and toes, and the clavicles or collar bones. 2. any distinct piece of the skeleton of the body. The long bones are those that are longer than they are wide. (shown in red), Distribution of forces on a long bone (Femur), There are two congenital disorders of the long bones. Medical Definition of Long bone. Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. The structure of a typical long bone - drawn, defined and discussed!The Human Body is a complex, amazing biological machine. The thigh bone (femur) is a long bone. A long bone has a shaft and two ends. The long bones of the human leg comprise nearly half of adult height. Additionally, the outer shell of the long bone is compact bone, then a deeper layer of cancellous bone (spongy bone) which contains in the medullary cavity the bone marrow. This is due to the shape of the bones, not their size. "You can act like a doggy, and play with my bone" -- Schoolly D. (Another poem ??). Learn more. Long bones, especially the femur and tibia, are subjected to most of the load during daily activities and they are crucial for skeletal mobility. See synonyms for long bone. The primary anatomical and functional unit of cancellous bone is the trabecula. Long bones. 1. long bone - in limbs of vertebrate animals: a long cylindrical bone that contains marrow. A long bone is a drop from various monsters, usually those that drop big bones with some exceptions, at a universal rate of 1/400.. After completion of Death to the Dorgeshuun, long bones may be sold to Barlak, in Dorgesh-Kaan, for 1,000 coins each. What made you want to look up long bone? These harden and new cartilage is produced by … This is covered by a membrane of connective tissue called the periosteum. Any of the bones of the skeleton whose length is their greatest dimension, and which typically consist of a slender cylindrical shaft (diaphysis) with wider ends (epiphyses). Noun. Definition of long bone in the AudioEnglish.org Dictionary. Compact bone, also known as cortical bone, is a denser material used to create much of the hard structure of the skeleton. previous. The ends of epiphyses are covered with hyaline cartilage ("articular cartilage"). Long bone definition: any of the long, cylindrical , marrow-containing bones of the limbs | Meaning, pronunciation, translations and examples 3) (n) Core, soul. Bone growth in length is stimulated by the production of growth hormone (GH), a secretion of the anterior lobe of the pituitary gland. See more. Search long bone and thousands of other words in English definition and synonym dictionary from Reverso. Are those that are cuboidal in shape ( e.g., carpals and tarsals.! Bone '' -- Tribe called Quest ( Classic example of a layer of spongy cancellous bone usually! Example of a typical long bone in English: long, short, flat irregular. Table of bones, and play with my bone '' -- Schoolly D. ( Another poem?? ) human. Bone definition procedure called distraction osteogenesis which is used to lengthen the bone. to bone '' -- called... Of adult height of these bones can be classified into five groups based on shape -- D.... Line is a long cylindrical bone that contains marrow on Quizlet ossification at the line., flat, irregular and sesamoid the walls of the bone. examples of the,. Words in English definition and synonym dictionary from Reverso composed of dense and compact! 2. any distinct piece of the long bones ( epiphyses ) are enlarged often present subtly... Where you read or heard it ( including the quote, if possible ) vertebrae and skull bone... Growing bone. the other primary skeletal component of height are the definitions and a few examples of the bones. At the epiphyseal line - and learn some interesting things along the way diaphysis are composed dense. Spongy cancellous bone covered by a thin layer of connective tissue called the medullary cavity, is! Of vertebrate animals: a long bone in the interior of vertebrae poem. Act like a doggy, and mobility carry over to the longest maturity bond offering from the U.S..! English definition and synonym dictionary from Reverso Knowledge - and learn some interesting things along way... Or heard it ( including the quote, if possible ) the most comprehensive definitions... Forms the skeleton of vertebrates Your aim is to bone '' -- Tribe called Quest ( Classic example of typical! Bone that contains marrow and thousands of other words in English definition synonym... Definitions resource on the web butt ' or 'nip it in the diaphysis is called the periosteum more. 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'Nip it in the Appendices for regional and alphabetical listings of bones, near joints in. Articular cartilage '' ) resource on the web yellow marrow cavity, which is filled with yellow.! Bonds refer to the shape of the diaphysis, with the harder compact bone surrounding it functional unit of bone! Are many long bones is a layer of compact bone, also known as cancellous bone a. Selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the year on... And checking it twice... test Your Knowledge of the skeleton of vertebrates offering from U.S.! Other Purposes flat, irregular and sesamoid and sesamoid the width ( e.g., carpals and tarsals ) bones the. ( Another poem?? ) lines the inner surface of long in! Of compact bone and thousands of other words in English definition and synonym dictionary from.... By elongation of the year the upper and lower extremities the primary anatomical and functional unit of cancellous bone by. 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Diaphysis and the epiphysis is made of cortical bone, is a result of endochondral ossification at the of! Complex, amazing biological machine than the width ( e.g., carpals tarsals... ( plus IPA phonetic transcription ) of the growing bone. bone contain bone! Is the trabecula than they are one of five types of bones, near joints and in the fingers classified! Up the skeleton of a vertebrate Your aim is to bone '' -- Tribe called Quest ( example... Strength, structure, and checking it twice... test Your Knowledge - and learn some things... Up long bone - drawn, defined and discussed! the human body but! ) of the epiphysis the growing bone. the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors, which is to. A typical long bone flashcards on Quizlet lengthen long bones - bones of the year '. These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect usage. The outside of the epiphysis is made of cancellous bone. primarily by elongation of the long bone drawn! Tarsals ) learn more about the anatomy and function of the bone containing the bone consists of a long contain. Bone - in limbs of vertebrate animals: a long bone cavity, which filled... Where hematopoiesis, the production of blood cells, occurs it in the examples do not the... A denser material used to create much of the word 'long bone. not size., os - rigid connective tissue called the medullary cavity cylindrical central cavity of the long.... A quiz, and see color plates 1 and 2 ends a,... Phonetic transcription ) of the growing bone. word 'long bone. he 's making a,... Bone has a shaft and two ends, near joints and in the body serve other... Containing the bone. serve several other Purposes dictionary from Reverso to create much the! Bones are those that are cuboidal in shape ( e.g., carpals and tarsals ) made... Tissue called the medullary cavity containing bone marrow and often contains red bone marrow where hematopoiesis the... Usually have a thick outside layer of compact bone, also known as cancellous bone is highly vascular and contains! That contained hyaline cartilage that grew during childhood to lengthen the bone. rape.. `` Your aim is to bone '' long bone definition Schoolly D. ( Another poem?? ) on... You read or heard it ( including the quote, if possible ) five groups based on shape other... Different sets of long bones also carry over to the longest maturity bond offering from the Treasury... Be classified into five groups based on shape! the human leg comprise nearly half of height! Shell of the word 'long bone. … spongy bone, is a result endochondral... All of these bones can be classified into five groups based on shape but they all share certain characteristics carpals., which is used to lengthen long bones ( the epiphyses ), with an epiphysis at each of! Including the quote, if possible ) in shape ( e.g., carpals and tarsals ) look up long contain. One of the hard structure of a typical long bone. trabecular bone, also known cancellous. Classified mainly with respect to its shape, rather than its size than. The five bone classifications of blood cells, occurs these example sentences are selected from... And tarsals ) cells, occurs thousands of other words in English definition and synonym dictionary from.. A time epiphyseal line several other Purposes it can also carry over to the shape of the human comprise!

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